Booker T. Washington was an influential black intellectual and educator who founded Tuskegee University in 1881. His article, The Case of the Negro first appeared in the November 1899 issue of The Atlantic. In it, he discusses the various options to improve the lives of his people. Washington warned about the severe competition and the unfriendly influence of labor organizations that existed in the North. Opposing the idea of Afro-Americans relocating to the North, he states that the South presents a far better opportunity than the North when it comes to the matter of securing property, enjoying business advantages and employment.