A mind-expanding and myth-destroying exploration of notions of white race—not merely a skin color but also a signal of power, prestige, and beauty to be withheld and granted selectively. Ever since the Enlightenment, race theory and its inevitable partner, racism, have followed a crooked road, constructed by dominant peoples to justify their domination of others. Filling a huge gap in historical literature that long focused on the non-white, eminent historian Nell Irvin Painter guides us through more than two thousand years of Western civilization, tracing not only the invention of the idea of race but also the frequent worship of “whiteness” for economic, social, scientific, and political ends.
Our story begins in Greek and Roman antiquity, where the concept of race did not exist, only geography and the opportunity to conquer and enslave others. Not until the eighteenth century did an obsession with whiteness flourish, with the German invention of the notion of Caucasian beauty. This theory made northern Europeans into “Saxons,” “Anglo-Saxons,” and “Teutons,” envisioned as uniquely handsome natural rulers. Here was a worldview congenial to northern Europeans bent on empire. There followed an explosion of theories of race, now focusing on racial temperament as well as skin color. Spread by such intellectuals as Madame de Stael and Thomas Carlyle, white race theory soon reached North America with a vengeance.
Its chief spokesman, Ralph Waldo Emerson, did the most to label Anglo-Saxons—icons of beauty and virtue—as the only true Americans. It was an ideal that excluded not only blacks but also all ethnic groups not of Protestant, northern European background. The Irish and Native Americans were out and, later, so were the Chinese, Jews, Italians, Slavs, and Greeks—all deemed racially alien. Did immigrations threaten the very existence of America? Americans were assumed to be white, but who among poor immigrants could become truly American?
A tortured and convoluted series of scientific explorations developed—theories intended to keep Anglo-Saxons at the top: the ever-popular measurement of skulls, the powerful eugenics movement, and highly biased intelligence tests—all designed to keep working people out and down. As Painter reveals, power—supported by economics, science, and politics—continued to drive exclusionary notions of whiteness until, deep into the twentieth century, political realities enlarged the category of truly American.
A story filled with towering historical figures, The History of White People forcefully reminds us that the concept of one white race is a recent invention. The meaning, importance, and realty of this all-too-human thesis of race have buckled under the weight of a long and rich unfolding of events.
©2010 Nell Irvin Painter (P)2013 Audible, Inc.
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"Destroys the myth that race is about skin color"
I found this book to be enlightening and even though it contains a huge amount of information it is still bearable. The presentation of illogical, contradictory race theory about different European races really revealed how the concept of race in general is a social construct.
I was surprised to learn about 1920's eugenics and the campaign against "degenerate" families...meaning poor whites... who contradicted the theory that Anglo Saxons where a superior race..
This book covers a great deal of time and contains many names and dates while addressing a very complex topic. It would have been impossible for me to listen to it all in one sitting. Still I found it very engaging, and I just accepted that I would never be able to retain all the details in my memory.
Economics, religion, science, literature and politics have all played their part in the invention and maintenance of race theories that have been used to justify inequality and the status quo of keeping power from those deemed as "other."
"A Great Listen"
This book gave me a new look at the concept of race. The author did excellent research and introduced me to thoughts I never knew existed. I loved this book.
It's hard to say you can dislike a history book. it's nothing more than the narration of supposedly factual events. I believe this historical text is something that should be taught in American public schools. We should understand this social construct of race. How it originated, developed, and divides us today is something that the youth deserve to know so they can lead in effectively in the future. For those reasons this book is a great academic introduction to this concept.
An eye-opening exploration of the construct of race. Regardless of whether you're "black" or "white" or anything in between, this book will change the way you think of the concept of "race".
"Informative but a bit pretentious"
There's some really interesting stuff in this book but there are also long digressions that feel like the author just wanted everyone to know that they knew that information.
a completely different take on race in America and it's emergence without vitriolic finger-pointing. am awesome read and narration
"New Insights on History"
Excellent book. It presents the story of how race was constructed out of class, politics, and pseudoscience.
Painter, rather than pushing a strong opinion, remains eloquently dispassionate in the presentation of a series of historical facts, allowing her position to emerge as a logical consequence of those facts. This is in sharp contrast to many of the outdated race theorists, who often sought out (or just plain made up) facts that reinforced a pre-decided and biased world view.
I highly recommend it.
I enjoyed the frank and factual assessment of the times in history of our existing.
love the way it talks from talked from Julius Caesar to Barack Obama..
"bad history, badly written "
The history was weak - I caught a number of discrepancies as I listened.
The writing made little effort to connect the facts presented to the argument.
It was long winded, repetitive, and full lists of groups of people that were not relevant. I got about 45 min in before I threw in the towel.
This could have been a lot more interesting but Allyson Johnson has a voice that will put you to sleep!
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